The authors discuss the issues of a largescale AI adoption in the domestic high-tech industries. The paper presents the current legal framework and key AI implementation areas. It is shown that the capability of AI technologies available today is limited. There is no theoretical basis or required verification of artificial neural networks or other AI technologies. The paper also covers the issues with developing a digital twin of a human pilot, and the drastic differences between human and artificial intelligence applied to solve incorrect problems in aviation. One of the major conclusions is that a scientific, ideological, and political platform for the AI development and implementation in the missioncritical areas (education, high-tech industry, transportation) shall be prepared and adopted through public hearings and discussions hosted by the RAS, State Duma, with a subsequent review by the Russian Government.