Simulation of Water and Liquid-Metal Coolant Heat Transferin Continuous Casting Machine
PDF (Russian)


continuous casting machine
steel solidification
heat transfer
liquid-metal coolant

How to Cite

Konovalov M.A., Ulyanov V.V., Koshelev M.M. Simulation of Water and Liquid-Metal Coolant Heat Transferin Continuous Casting Machine // Russian Journal of Cybernetics. 2022. Vol. 3, № 1. P. 49-52. DOI: 10.51790/2712-9942-2022-3-1-7.


To date, heat to be dissipated in a continuous casting machine is discharged in the environment and not utilized much. A way of saving energy in steel production is replacing the watercooling system with liquid-metal coolant to increase the temperature sufficiently to produce steam and, subsequently, electricity [1, 2]. We identified that lead-bismuth eutectic is the most suitable liquid coolant for continuous casting machines. We performed a simulation of the heat transfer process during steel solidification with various coolants with OpenFOAM. The cooling efficiency is virtually identical for water and lead-bismuth eutectic. The max dissipated heat flux occurs when the inlet coolant temperature is 180 ∘C and the outlet coolant temperature is 400 ∘C. To check the feasibility, we analyzed the steam generation efficiency. It would be ∼ 32 %. For six machines, 6.2 mln. kWh can be generated annually.
PDF (Russian)


Ульянов В. В., Кошелев М. М., Коновалов М. А., Харчук С. Е. Моделирование теплопередачи в каналах круглой формы машин непрерывного литья заготовок с перспективным свинцово-висмутовым кристаллизатором. ВАНТ. Cерия: Ядерно-реакторные константы. 2020;2:131-140. Режим доступа:

Лукин С. В., Шумова А. А., Завлин М. В., Шестаков Н. И., Ригин А. Н. Использование теплоты, отводимой от стальных слябов кристаллизаторами и роликами машин непрерывного литья заготовок, в системе теплоснабжения предприятия. Вестник Череповецкого государственного университета. 2017;3:28-37. DOI: 10.23859/1994-0637-2017-3-78-3.

Козырев Н. А., Гизатулин Р. А. Машины и процессы непрерывного литья заготовок. Новокузнецк: СибГИУ; 2011. 357 с.

Lee Wah Cheng. Filmwise Condensation on a Horizontal Tube in the Presence of Forced. A thesis submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy to the University of London convection and non-condensing gas. 1982. 341 p.


Download data is not yet available.